Project 5-100 Universities Move Up Within Top 100 of ARWU Global Ranking of Academic SubjectsJune 29, 2020
A total of 17 Russian universities, 12 of which participate in Project 5-100, feature in the latest Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) by subject, known as the Global Ranking of Academic Subjects, which was released by ShanghaiRanking Consultancy on June 29.
Universities are ranked by 54 subjects grouped into five broad areas: Natural Sciences, Engineering, Life Sciences, Medical Sciences, and Social Sciences. Several Russian universities show up in more than one league table.
Russia's top institution is Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), which has made the rankings in 12 subjects. In the Project 5-100 cohort, the best performers are ITMO University and National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE) with seven rankings apiece. The group's 2018-2019 leader, Novosibirsk State University (NSU), this time comes in third with five rankings. Among the totality of Russian universities, ITMO and HSE tie for second place, ahead of St Petersburg State University (SPbSU), which has bagged six rankings.
In all, Russian universities have earned 59 rankings in 29 subjects. Their concentration is highest in Physics (six institutions), Materials Science and Engineering (five), Mathematics, Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, and Earth Sciences (four each).
Russia's improved standings in the ARWU rankings are largely due to Project 5-100 universities, which have between them achieved 37 rankings in 23 subjects.
Six Russian universities have made it into the top 100, winning a total of seven spots. Three of them are Project 5-100 institutions: Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU), at #51-75 for Mechanical Engineering; NUST MISIS, at #51-75 for Metallurgical Engineering; and ITMO University, at #76-100 for Automation and Control. Importantly, both TPU and NUST MISIS have done better than last year. Russia's other top-100 finishers are MSU, SPbSU and National Research University Belgorod State University (BelSU).
Six Project 5-100 institutions appear a total of eight times within the 101-200 band of various rankings: HSE in Mathematics, Political Sciences and Sociology; ITMO University in Telecommunication Technology; National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) and NSU in Physics; and Tomsk State University (TSU) in Metallurgical Engineering. The only other Russian university to figure in this band is SPbSU.
Three Project 5-100 universities sit within the 201-300 range: Saint Petersburg Polytechnic University, or SPbPU (Instruments Science and Technology), ITMO University (Nanoscience and Nanotechnology), and HSE (Economics).
Finally, as many as 10 Project 5-100 institutions rank in the 301-400 band: RUDN University for Mathematics; SPbPU for Physics; Lobachevsky University for Atmospheric Science; NSU for Mechanical Engineering, and Chemical Engineering and Chemistry; ITMO University for Electrical and Electronic Engineering, and Management; NUST MISIS for Materials Science and Engineering, and Nanoscience and Nanotechnology; MIPT for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology; MEPhI for Energy Science and Engineering; HSE for Psychology and Business Administration; and TPU for Energy Science and Engineering.
The ARWU compilers put out their first Global Ranking of Academic Subjects in 2009. This year, more than 4,000 universities have been ranked. To secure a place on the league table, a university had to meet requirements (which varied by subject) regarding the minimum number of publications authored over 2014-2018. Five metrics are used to compile each subject ranking: number of papers placed with journals within the first Journal Impact Factor quartile (Q1); category-normalized citation impact (CNCI); percentage of internationally co-authored papers (IC); number of papers published in top journals and conferences (TOP); number of staff winning a significant award (AWARD).